Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization
Projects

WILDLIFE RESEARCH & CONSERVATION

Elgon Wildlife conservation organization works to promote conservation of endangered wildlife with emphasis on African elephants, Amphibians, the great apes(gorillas) and other endangered wildlife throughout the entire home range while addressing all ecosystem issues that sustain co-existence of wildlife, humans, and livestock.

Our goal is to Mainstream biodiversity conservation into development policies, plans and projects to deliver the co-benefits of biodiversity conservation, improved local livelihoods and economic development in communities where we work.

EWCO UGANDA works to ensure the delicate balance between the environments; biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in indigenous communities around  protected areas in Uganda.
Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization (EWCO) works to ensure the delicate balance between the environments; biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in communities around protected areas in Uganda. EWCO works closely with the Uganda Wildlife Authority and  conservation partners to achieve our mission through integrated programs of

1. Wildlife Health monitoring, Research, and Conservation

2. Ranger training and Logistical support to combat poaching 

3. Gender equality and women’s empowerment for sustainable livelihoods and management of wildlife resources

4.Integrated Conservation with Population, Health, and Environment (PHE) and WASH (Water Sanitation and Hygiene) project

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1. CURRENT PROJECT: AFRICAN ELEPHANT RESEARCH AND CONSERVATION

ACTIVE PROJECT : ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF OIL EXPLORATION ACTIVITIES ON STRESS LEVELS AND DISEASE BURDEN IN AFRICAN ELEPHANTS IN MURCHISON FALLS NATIONAL PARK .

COLLECTING BLOOD SAMPLE FROM AN AFRICAN ELEPHANT IN MURCHISON FALLS NATIONAL PARK .

A typical day in the field for me might include rescuing a snared elephant, collaring a lion or surveying mountain gorilla populations for the Ugandan and Rwandan governments. Taking care of animals has been a part of my life since childhood and my love for wildlife inspired me to become a veterinarian.

After graduating as a veterinary surgeon from Makerere University I became concerned about how oil exploration might affect wildlife, particularly the wellbeing of elephants. I believe that the oil industry has great potential to contribute to Uganda’s economic development, but at the same time the activities involved in exploration and development can have detrimental impacts on sensitive ecosystems.

EWCO is researching and learning about the increased stress and susceptibility to diseases of elephants as a result of human activity. By studying the stress hormones and parasite burdens of elephants, EWCO will generate information and understanding of the long-term effects of human disturbances in Murchison Falls National Park to guide conservation management

COLLECTING FECAL SAMPLE FOR PARASITOLOGY

In the dense forests of Uganda , endangered elephants are difficult to study and protect because they are so difficult to see. We use automated sound-recording equipment to collect their vocalizations. This gives our Project and local biologists valuable information about elephant numbers, movements, and communication. We use this information to improve our understanding of elephants and to protect their dwindling numbers from poaching and disturbance from logging and seismic energy exploration.

.But this is just one of my interests. I founded the Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organisation (EWCO) to help the cause of wildlife in Uganda. One of our key focuses is on amphibian and reptile conservation, which has been at the forefront of identifying and conservation of amphibian species and promoting knowledge of them in Ugandan communities. EWCO’s work has gained recognition from the Conservation Optimism,, and Amphibian Survival Alliance (which nominated Dr Watuwa as one of their future leaders of amphibian conservationhttps://www.amphibians.org/what-we-do/acrs/future-leaders-award/.

2.AMPHIBIAN CONSERVATION AND RESEARCH

Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization (EWCO) is  Uganda’s first non profit organization dedicated exclusively to amphibian conservation. EWCO protects conservation of endangered amphibians through research, conservation education, habitat restoration, advocacy and community engagement, including provision of alternative livelihoods to reduce pressure on habitat resource use.

Our project combines basic research, awareness raising, citizen science, and conservation activities. We propose a broad investigation that allows updating conservation and amphibian disease status.
We aim to expand scientific knowledge on the ecology of the least concern and endangered amphibian species: create a baseline of home ranges, population densities, habitat characterization and habitat use patterns. We are intending to build a platform for amphibian citizen science project for the first time in Uganda

Elgon Amphibian and Reptile conservation project works towards the conservation of the critically threatened and poorly known amphibians and reptiles /herps in protected areas of Uganda.

3. PRIMATE RESEARCH AND CONSERVATION

BACKGROUND

EWCO TEAM AFTER TRAINING UGANDA WILDLIFE AUTHORITY RANGERS IN BWINDI

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (BINP), in south-western Uganda, are a home to half the world’s remaining population of 1004 mountain gorillas, whose numbers are steadily increasing but still critically endangered. However, living around this parks, in close proximity to the gorillas, are some of the country’s poorest and most isolated indigenous communities. These people are predominantly subsistence farmers and livestock keepers who cultivate , water and graze their animals at the boundaries of the park. In doing so, they come into frequent contact with gorillas. Mountain gorillas are threatened by disease from closely related humans, high human population growth, poverty, habitat degradation, poaching of other species in the forest including duiker and bush pigs and human/wildlife conflict. Due to these high incidences of human-gorilla contact, in addition to their close genetic relatedness, naive gorillas are also increasingly becoming infected with pathogens ,parasites and protozoans found in contaminated water sources and livestock and human faeces.

CONSERVATION CHALLENGES

Subsistence farming is the primary reason for poaching around Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and poverty is the main driver because people are unable to own or buy their own resources due to lack of money/ financial support. Poor conservation attitudes to the park also play a secondary role. The resources most commonly collected from this Parks without authorization are bush meat, firewood, medicinal plants, poles and honey. Poaching in Bwindi is mainly by snaring. Despite the fact that the key species in Bwindi are not targeted, snares can accidentally trap an untargeted wildlife therefore there is need for community sensitization and provision of sustainable alternative sources of livelihoods. Reducing human and gorilla conflict is also critical in protecting gorillas and minimizing negative community attitudes to gorillas

OUR APPROACH

Elgon Wildlife conservation organization Our goal is to Mainstream biodiversity conservation into development policies, plans and projects to deliver the co-benefits of biodiversity conservation, improved local livelihoods and economic development in communities where we work.

We also promote one health research initiatives at the interface of ecosystem, animal, and human health that address local conservation challenges and emerging diseases,

Implementing activities that reduce negative interactions between people and gorillas including preventing and controlling cross species disease transmission and reducing human and wildlife conflict.

RANGER TRAINING&LOGISTICAL SUPPORT TO COMBAT POACHING /ANTI POACHING INITIATIVES

Poaching and illicit trafficking of wildlife are among the 5 most lucrative illegal trades globally, earning at least $19 billion annually. Wildlife trafficking devastates populations of wildlife species, threatens global security, and undermines national development .works at the local, national, regional and international levels to combat poaching and wildlife trafficking. Elgon Wildlife conservation organization support focuses on 3 areas: strengthening law enforcement and advocacy for policies favorable to the environment, working with local communities to create jobs and support livelihoods, and helping reduce demand for illegally traded wildlife.

Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization is training and offering logistical support to rangers to combat poaching

RANGER TRAINING ON EVIDENCE GATHERING AT CRIME SCENES

Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization raises awareness about the devastating effects of poaching bush meat hunting in critical wildlife dispersal areas near and outside of wildlife protected areas including community conserved areas.

We do this in partnership with Uganda wildlife Authority, Uganda wildlife and Conservation Education Center and other conservation organizations through rescuing animals trapped with wire snares and injured by the same in various known hotspots for bush meat hunting in protected areas in Uganda. Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization and local stakeholders rescue wild animals  trapped by wire snares while also mopping up substantial volumes of live and dead wire traps in the surveyed regions.

MITIGATING HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT

This program area is largely informed by the various forms of reported human-animal conflict. Generally, as a result of; the presence of environmental degradation, encroachment and increased land fragmentation has resulted in an incremental trend in cases of human-animal conflict globally. In Africa, and based on several underlying factors; whether social, economic, technological and/or environmental nature, such cases often result in destruction of property or loss of biodiversity through habitat destruction or destabilization of the ecosystems’ equilibria. In some cases, loss of human life has been observed through violent/active involvement of animals or via passive/indirect routes such as zoonotic disease spread.

Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization works with government and like-minded stakeholders to carry out interventions that contribute to maintaining a balance between various human practices and animal survival (biodiversity conservation). Our focus on communities is generally geared towards innovative use of technology to provide solutions to causes of conflict and placement of affordable mitigation measures in addition to training park management staff

Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization is working with reformed /ex-poachers to affer them sustainable alternative livelihoods to deter poaching including mushroom growing, Bee keeping and farming among other projects

EWCOS VEGETABLE GROWING PROJE CT FOR EX-POACHERS WIVES IN BWINDI

We aim to contribute towards recruitment and remuneration for local guardians to provide security and community liaison between the ranch and the local land owners. As a result, illegal bush meat hunting will be reduced, fewer wild animals are being poached for meat and community goodwill has increased through co-operating-responsibility activities such as the community conservation sports league.

EWCO PROMOTES SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TO IMPROVE FOOD SECURITY FOR FOREST DEPENDENT COMMUNITIES

RESEARCH AND ADVOCACY

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Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization is a member organization of Phages For Global Health -East African Research Team . .Motivated by the deficit of phage experts in Africa and Asia – regions where 90% of deaths caused by antibiotic resistance occur – Phages for Global Health is on a mission through training phage expertis in combating cross species antimicrobial resistance in overlapping populations of humans, endangered wildlife species and livestock in and around protected areas in Uganda and Africa .

East Africa Phage working research group 2018

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Dr. James Watuwa and Professor Erume Joseph during phage isolation training

WHAT ARE BACTERIOPHAGES

Bacteriophages (phages) are natural bacteria-killing viruses that exist in our environment, food, and bodies and that can be selected to target only specific bacteria while leaving other, helpful bacteria and human cells unharmed. Phages have been a standard component of medicine in certain parts of the world for >100 years, where they have proven to be remarkably safe and effective. Most notably, phages are active against antibiotic-resistant bacteria — a crucial feature in the midst of our global antimicrobial resistance crisis.

In addition, phages can be easily isolated from contaminated environments, and they are inherently inexpensive to manufacture. All of these factors make phages particularly well-suited as antibiotic alternatives for developing countries. Elgon Wildlife Conservation Organization is a member organization in Phages for Global health and currently in partnership with Makerere university , carrying out research to isolate and characterize phages cross species phages in overlapping populations of humans, endangered wildlife species and livestock in and around protected areas in Uganda

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Our Founder Dr. James Watuwa won a scholarship from Phages For Global Health to attend a training in molecular diagnostics, bacteriophage isolation and characterization in Mombasa Kenya 2018

I started my career in wildlife medicine and conservation by volunteering, and I would be grateful to give the same opportunity to others. That’s why EWCO  welcomes interns, volunteers and researchers to Uganda. If you are interested, visit our website and contact us for more information.

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1 comment

pqfwifzsch May 3, 2020 at 6:14 am

Muchas gracias. ?Como puedo iniciar sesion?

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